What Is The Difference Between Oled And Led?

What Is The Difference Between Oled And Led?

        OLED (Organic Light Emitting Diode) and LED (Light Emitting Diode) are two different display technologies used in televisions and other electronic devices. Here's a detailed explanation of the differences between OLED and LED:


OLED technology uses organic compounds that emit light when an electric current is passed through them. Each pixel in an OLED display is self-emitting, meaning it produces its own light. LED technology, on the other hand, uses an array of small semiconductor diodes that emit light when an electric current is applied to them. In LED displays, the backlighting illuminates the pixels.

Picture Quality:

OLED displays offer superior picture quality compared to LED displays. OLEDs produce true blacks because each pixel can be individually turned off, resulting in infinite contrast ratios. This leads to vibrant colors, excellent color accuracy, and high dynamic range (HDR) capabilities. LED displays rely on backlighting, which can cause light bleed and limited contrast ratios, resulting in less accurate blacks and lower overall picture quality.

Viewing Angles:

OLED displays have exceptional viewing angles, allowing for consistent image quality and color accuracy even when viewed from extreme angles. This is because each pixel emits its own light, providing uniform illumination across the entire display. LED displays, especially those with direct backlighting, may experience a decrease in picture quality and color accuracy when viewed from wider angles.

Energy Efficiency:

OLED displays are more energy-efficient compared to LED displays. Since OLEDs emit light directly from the pixels, they don't require a backlight to function. This means that OLED displays can achieve deeper blacks and consume less power, especially when displaying darker content. LED displays require a backlight that constantly illuminates the pixels, resulting in higher power consumption.

Thinness and Flexibility:

OLED displays are thinner and more flexible than LED displays. OLED panels can be made much thinner because they don't require a separate backlighting layer. This allows for sleeker and more lightweight designs, making OLED displays ideal for slim smartphones, tablets, and curved displays. LED displays, due to the need for a backlight, are typically thicker and less flexible.


LED displays generally have a longer lifespan compared to OLED displays. Over time, OLED materials can degrade, resulting in a decrease in brightness and color accuracy. This degradation is known as "burn-in" and is more common in static or high-contrast images displayed for extended periods. LED displays, on the other hand, do not suffer from burn-in issues and have a longer overall lifespan.


OLED displays are generally more expensive than LED displays. The manufacturing process for OLED panels is more complex and costly, leading to higher prices for OLED TVs and devices. LED displays, especially those using LCD technology, are more affordable and widely available across different price ranges.

        It's important to note that there are different types of LED displays, such as edge-lit LED and direct-lit LED. Edge-lit LED displays have LEDs placed around the edges of the screen, while direct-lit LED displays have a grid of LEDs behind the entire screen. Direct-lit LED displays can offer improved contrast ratios and local dimming capabilities, bridging the gap between LED and OLED displays to some extent.

        Ultimately, the choice between OLED and LED depends on individual preferences, budget, and specific use cases. OLED displays excel in terms of picture quality, thinness, and viewing angles, making them ideal for those seeking the best visual experience. LED displays, especially those with advanced features like local dimming, offer a more affordable option while still delivering impressive performance for most consumers.